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Aircraft Registration Prefixes

This page contains a list of aircraft registration prefixes and some rules for the full registration numbers. The list was provided by Andreas Gehrs-Pahl (schnars@ais.org). Please send any updates or corrections to him.


This list contains all known International Registration Prefixes for aircraft, sorted by Country Name.


Explanations and conventions:
=============================

Code           = International Registration Prefix, as displayed on the 
----             aircraft, but with letters from the Latin alphabet;
                 (Cyrillic or other alphabets are indicated in {} in the 
                  Description); 

Country        = English representation of the name of the Contry;
-------          (it is indicated, when the government form, like Republic, 
                  etc., is part of the name);
                 (previous names are listed as 'was OldName');
                 (equivalent and some indegious spellings/names are listed as
                  'also OtherName/Spelling');
                 (prevoius country affiliations are indicated by 'FROM - 
                  TILL OldName');
                 (Common International Abbreviations are also listed);

Description    = Displays and explaines (if available) all the possible 
-----------      registrations in the form '1 - 999, AAA - ZZZ'; meaning a
                 registration could be either a number between 1 and 999,
                 but without leading zeros, or any combination of three 
                 letters like AAA, AAB, AAC, up to ZZZ;
                 (if letter have a known special meaning, this meaning is
                  explained);

Current        = Current - if the code is currently in use,
-------          Old     - if the code is now out of use, either replaced by 
                           another code, or the country ceased to exist;
                 ???     - if it is not sure if this code was ever used or
                           ever assigned to this country;

Time-Frame     = Lists the time frame of the validity of this code, form of 
----------       registration or existence of country;
                 (a '(+)' denotes 'at least', a '(?)' denotes 'guessed');

CAPITALS       = in Code: as is (the registration prefix);
                 in Description: represents a range; "AAA - ZZZ" means:
                 possible registrations are AAA, AAB, etc. up to ZZZ;

the letter 'x' = represents a variable; possible values can be found in 
                 remarks like: (x = A/B/C); 

the '-' (dash) = after a Code: ("XX-"): represents the separator, as it is
                 displayed on the aircraft;
                 in Description: ("XXX - XXX"): means a range (from - to)

text in ()     = surrounds explanations or remarks;

text in []     = surrounds optional parts of registrations, which are 
                 either sometimes omitted or which are only sometimes used 
                 as modifiers;

text in {}     = represents letter from the cyrillic or other alphabets; 
                 it contains a visual representation of the character, 
                 using other ASCII characters (as far as possible);

This article is (c) 1995, 1997 by Andreas Gehrs-Pahl.

Please send comments, corrections, additions ans suggestions to me at:
.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Country (Names, Remarks)
        Code      Descriptions, Remarks
                  Status    Time-Frame
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Afghanistan (also Afganistan)
        YA-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Albania
        B-        AAAA - AZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        ZA-       ? - ?
                  current   ? -

Algeria
        F-        ???? - ????
                  old       ? - 1962
        7T-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1962 -

Andorra
        C3-       ? - ?
                  current   ? -

Angola (was Portuguese West Africa)
        CR-       LAA - LZZ
                  old       ? - 1975
        D2-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1975 -

Anguilla (Leeward or Windward Islands)
        VP-       LAA - LJZ
                  current   ? -

Antigua and Barbuda (also Antigua & Barbuda, Leeward or Windward Islands)
        VP-       LAA - LZZ
                  old       ? - 1981
        V2-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1981 -

Arabic Federation (Iraq and Jordan)
        4YB-      ? - ?
                  old   1958 (+) - ?

Argentina (Republic)
        R-        ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        LQ-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -
        LV-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Armenia (1917 to 12/25/1991 USSR)
        SSSR-     00001 - 99999, (displayed cyrillic as {CCCP})
                  old       12/25/1991 - ?
        RH-       ? - ?
                  not official   1991 -
        EK-       ? - ?
                  current   1991 -

Aruba (19.. - 1986 Netherland Antilles, now partial autonomy)
        P4-       ? - ?
                  current   1986 (+) -

Australia
        G-        AUAA - AUZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        VH-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Austria (also Oestereich, was Austria-Hungary)
        A-        ? - ?
                  old       1918 - ?
        OE-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1918 (+) -

Azerbaijan (19.. to 1991 USSR)
        SSSR-     00001 - 99999, (displayed cyrillic as {CCCP})
                  old       12/25/1991 - ?
        4K-       ? - ?
                  current   1991 -

Bahamas (Islands)
        VP-       BAA - BZZ
                  old       ? - 1973
        C6-       ? - ?
                  current   1973 -

Bahrain
        A9C-      AA - ZZ (?)
                  current   1971 -

Bangladesh (was Eastern Pakistan)
        S2-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1972 -
        S3-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1972 -

Barbados (Islands)
        VQ-       BAA - BZZ
                  old       ? - 1966
        8P-       ? - ?
                  current   1966 -

Belarus (also Byelorussia, White Russia, 19.. to 1991 USSR)
        SSSR-     00001 - 99999, (displayed cyrillic as {CCCP})
                  old       12/25/1991 - ?
        EW-       00001 - 99999
                  current   1991 -

Belgium
        O-        BAAA - BZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        OO-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Belize (was British Honduras)
        VP-       HAA - HZZ
                  old       ? - 1966
        V3-       ? - ?
                  current   1966 -

Benin (People's Republic, was Dahomey)
        F-        ???? - ????
                  old       ? - 1960
        TY-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1960 -

Bermuda (Islands)
        VR-       BAA - BZZ
                  old   ? -
        VP-       BAA - BZZ
                  current   ? -

Bhutan (was Sikkim)
        A5-       ? - ?
                  current   ? -

Bolivia
        C-        VAAA - VZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        CB-       ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        CP-       1 - 9999
                  current   ? -

Bosnia-Herzegovina (Republic, 1918 to 04/06/1992 Yugoslavia)
        T9-       ? - ?
                  current   04/06/1992 -

Botswana (Republic, was Bechuanaland)
        VQ-       ZAA - ZZZ
                  old       ? - 1966
        A2-       ? - ?
                  current   1966 -

Brazil
        P-        BAAA - BAZZ, PAAA - PAZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        PP-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -
        PR-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1999 -
        PT-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

British Virgin Islands (Leeward or Windward Islands)
        VP-       LVA - LZZ
                  current   ? -

Brunei Darussalam (was British Northern Borneo)
        VR-       UAA - UZZ
                  old       ? - 1963
        V8-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1963 -

Bulgaria
        B-        BAAA - BZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        LZ-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1908 (+) -

Burkina Faso (was Upper Volta)
        F-        ???? - ????
                  old       ? - 1960
        XT-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1960 -

Burundi
        BR-       ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        9U-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1962 (+) -

Cambodia (also Kampuchea, was Indochina)
        F-        KHAA - KHZZ
                  old       ? - 1955 (+)
        KW-       ? - ?
                  old       1955 (+) - ?
        XU-       001 - 999 (?)
                  current   1955 (+) -

Cameroon (Federal Republic, was British Cameroons)
        VR-       NAA - NZZ
                  old       ? - 1979
        TJ-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1960 -

Canada
        G-        CAAA - CAZZ, CYAA - CYZZ (Government & RCAF)
                  old       1920 - 1928
        CF-       AAA[-x] - ZZZ[-x], (x = G/X/... temporairy registrations ?)
                  old       1929 - 1973
                  the 'CF-xxx' layout is allowed to be used only by aircraft 
                  which were build before 1956, but there are also newer ones
                  current   1974 -
        CG-       AAA[-x] - ZZZ[-x], (x = G/X/... temporairy registrations ?)
                  current   1974 -
                  CG- was used after the CF- numbers ran out.
        CI-       AAA - ZZZ
                  used for Ultra Lights
  Newfoundland (now part of Canada)
        VO-       AAA - ZZZ
                  old       ? - 1958

Cape Verde (Islands)
        CR-       CAA - CZZ
                  old       ? - 1975
        D4-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1975 -

Cayman Islands
        VR-       CAA - CZZ
                  old   ? -
        VP-       CAA - CZZ
                  current   ? -

Central African Republic
        F-        ???? - ????
                  old       ? - 1960
        TL-       ? - ?
                  current   1960 -

Chad
        F-        ???? - ????
                  old       ? - 1960
        TT-       ? - ?
                  current   1960 -

Chile (Republic)
        CC-       001 - 999, AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

China (People's Republic of China, PRC)
        X-        CAAA - CZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        XT-       ? - ?
                  old       ? - 1958 (+)
        B-        1 - 9999
                  the '-' (dash) as separator is sometimes omitted
                  current   1958 (+) -

Colombia
        C-        ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        HK-       1[[-]x] - 9999[[-]x], (x = E/G/P/I/X/..., depicting usage ?)
                  current   ? -

Comoros (also Comores, Comoro Islands)
        F-        ???? - ????
                  old       ? - 1975
        D6-       ? - ?
                  current   1975 -

Congo (Congolese People's Republic, was Brazzaville)
        F-        ???? - ????
                  old       ? - 1960
        9O-       ? - ?
                  old       1960 - ?
        TN-       ? - ?
                  current   1960 (+) -

Cook Islands
        E5-       current

Costa Rica
        TI-       001[-L] - 999[-L] (?)
                  current   ? -

Croatia (Republic, 1918 to 05/22/1991 Yugoslavia)
        RC-       AAA - ZZZ
                  old       05/22/1991 - ?
        9A-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1991 (+) -

Cuba
        C-        CAAA - CZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        CU-       x[-]001 - x[-]999, (x = C/P/T/..., depicting usage ?)
                  current   ? -

Cyprus
        VQ-       CAA - CZZ
                  old       ? - 1960
        5B-       ? - ?
                  current   1960 -

Czech Republic (also Chechia, 1918 to 12/31/1992 Czechoslovakia)
        OK-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   01/01/1993 -

Denmark (including Greenland)
        T-        DAAA - DZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        OY-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Djibouti (was French Somalia)
        F-        ???? - ????
                  old       ? - 1977
        J2-       ? - ?
                  current   1977 -

Dominica (Windward Islands)
        J7-       ? - ?
                  current   19.. -

Dominican Republic
        HI-       1-AA - 999-ZZ (?)
                  current   ? -

Ecuador
        E-        EAA - EZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        HC-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Egypt (Arab Republic of Egypt, 02/21/1958 to 09/02/1971 as UAR)
        SU-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1922 -

El Salvador
        YS-       00A - 99Z (?)
                  current   ? -

Equatorial Guinea (was Rio Muni)
        3C-       ? - ?
                  current   1969 -

Eritrea (19.. to 1993 Ethiopia)
        ER-       ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        E3-       ? - ?
                  current   1993 -

Estonia (19.. to 1929 ?, 1939 to 1991 USSR)
        E-        AAA - AZZ
                  old       1929 - 1939 (?)
        SSSR-     00001 - 99999, (displayed cyrillic as {CCCP})
                  old       12/25/1991 - ?
        ES-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1991 -

Ethiopia
        ET-       ? - ?
                  current   ? -

Fiji (Islands)
        VQ-       FAA - FZZ
                  old       ? - 1970
        DQ-       ? - ?
                  current   1970 -

Finland (also Suomi)
        K-        SAAA - SZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        OH-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1917 (+) -

France (Europe, with Corsica and other Islands)
        F-        AAAA - ZZZZ
                  current   ? -
Free France (1940 - 1945 ?)
        FC-       ? - ?
                  old       1940 (+) - 1945
French Overseas Departments & Territories
        F-        OAAA - OZZZ
                  current   ? -

Gabon
        F-        O??? - O???
                  old       ? - 1960
        TR-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1960 -

Gambia (was Western Africa)
        VP-       XAA - XZZ
                  old       ? - 1965
        C5-       ? - ?
                  current   1965 -

Georgia (also Grusinia, 19.. to 1991 USSR)
        SSSR-     00001 - 99999, (displayed cyrillic as {CCCP})
                  old       12/25/1991 - ?
        4L-       ? - ?
                  current   1991 -

Germany (German Reich, Deutsches Kaiser Reich, Weimarer Republic, Third Reich)
        D-        1 - 9999, AAAA - ZZZZ, LZ1 - LZ999 (airships)
                  up to the 1930's often displayed without '-' (dash), but with
                  a space, like: "D 123"; first only numbers were used, later
                  mainly letters
                  old       192. - 1945
Germany (Federal Republic of Germany, FRG, Deutschland, 10/03/1990 re-united)
        D-        0001 - 9999, xAAA - xZZZ
                  (x = class = A/B/C/E/F/G/H/I/K/L/M/O)
                  0001 - 9499 = glider/sailplanes without engine
                  9500 - 9999 = government / semi-military aircraft and 
                                prototypes, mainly during 1960's - 1980's
                  classes: A = multi-engine,  MTOW > 20,000 kg
                           B = multi-engine,  MTOW > 14,000 kg - 20,000 kg
                           C = multi-engine,  MTOW >  5,700 kg - 14,000 kg
                           E = single-engine, MTOW <= 2,000 kg
                           F = single-engine, MTOW >  2,000 kg -  5,700 kg
                           G = multi-engine,  MTOW <= 2,000 kg
                           H = all rotory-wing / helicopter, (Hubschrauber)
                           I = multi-engine,  MTOW >  2,000 kg -  5,700 kg
                           K = all powered gliders
                           L = all airships / blimps, (Luftschiff)
                           M = all ultra lights (UL)
                           O = all manned free balloons
                  current   1955 -
Germany (Democratic Republic of Germany, GDR)
        DDR-      1001 - 4001, xAA - xZZ, (x = A/E/S/T/U/V/W/Z), (101 - 551)
                  (101 - 551) = glider, without the 'DDR-' prefix
                  1001 - 4001 = glider, sailplanes (with or without engines)
                  letters didn't have a specific meaning
                  old       1952 - 1956
                  old       1981 - 10/03/1990
        DM-       1001 - 4001, xAA - xZZ, (x = A/S/T/U/V/W/Z), (101 - 551)
                  (101 - 551) = glider, without the 'DM-' prefix
                  1001 - 4001 = glider, sailplanes (with or without engines)
                  letters didn't have a specific meaning
                  old       1956 - 1981
Saar (also Saarland, 1947 - 1959 (?), belongs now to Germany)
        EZ-       ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        SL-       ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        TS-       ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?

Ghana (was Gold Coast)
        VP-       AAA - AZZ
                  old       ? - 1957 (+)
        9G-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1957 (+) -

Greece
        S-        GAAA - GZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        SX-       ? - ?
                  current   ? -

Grenada
        VQ-       GAA - GZZ
                  old       ? - 1974
        J3-       ? - ?
                  current   1974 -

Guadeloupe (Islands)
        F-        OGAA - OGZZ
                  current   ? - 1958 (+)
Guatemala
        L-        GAAA - GZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        LG-       AAA - ZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        TG-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Guinea
        F-        ???? - ????
                  old       ? - 1958
        3X-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1958 -

Guinea-Bissau (was Portuguese Guinea)
        CR-       GAA - GZZ
                  old       ? - 1974
        J5-       ? - ?
                  current   1974 -

Guyana (was British Guiana)
        VP-       GAA - GZZ
                  old       ? - 1958 (+)
        8R-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1958 (+) -

Haiti (Republic)
        H-        HAAA - HZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        HH-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Honduras
        X-        HAAA - HZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        XH-       AAA - ZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        HR-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Hong Kong (1997 to PRC)
        B-        HAA - HZZ, KAA - KZZ, LAA - LZZ
                  current   ? -

Hungary
        H-        MAAA - MZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        HA-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1918 (+) -

Iceland
        TF-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1918 (+) -

India
        G-        IAAA - IZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        VT-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1947 -
Portuguese India (also Goa, now part of India)
        CR-       IAA - IZZ
                  old       ? - ?

Indonesia (Republic, also Irian Jaya, West Irian, was Netherlands New Guinea)
        PK-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1949 -
  Netherlands East Indies (now part of Indonesia)
        JZ-       AAA - ZZZ
                  old       ? - 1963
  Timor (also East Timor, Portuguese Protectorate, occupied by Indonesia 1975)
        CR-       TAA - TZZ
                  old       ? - 1975 (?)

Iran (was Persia, till 1935)
        RV-       ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        EP-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Iraq
        YI-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1932 -

Ireland (also Eire)
        EI-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1922 -
        EJ-       AAA - ZZZ
                  not used  1922 - ?

Israel (was British Protectorate Palestine / Palestina)
        VQ-       PAA - PZZ
                  old       1923 - 1948
        4X-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1948 (+) -

Italy
        I-        AAAA - ZZZZ
                  current   ? -

Ivory Coast (also Cote d'Ivoire)
        VP-       AAA - AZZ
                  old       ? - 1960
        TU-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1960 -

Jamaica
        VP-       JAA - JZZ
                  old       ? - 1962
        6Y-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1962 -

Japan (also Nippon)
        J-        AAAA - ZZZZ
                  old       ? - 1945
        JA        0001 - 9999
                  no '-' (dash) as separator used
                  current   1945 (+) -

Jordan (Kingdom, was Transjordan)
        TJ-       ? - ?
                  old       1946 - 1958 (+)
        JY-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1958 (+) -
Arabic Federation (Iraq and Jordan)
        4YB-      ? - ?
                  old   1958 (+) - ?

Kazakstan (also Kazakhstan, 19.. to 1991 USSR)
        SSSR-     00001 - 99999, (displayed cyrillic as {CCCP})
                  old       12/25/1991 - ?
        UN-       ? - ?
                  current   1991 -

Kenya
        VP-       KAA - KZZ
                  old       ? - 1963
        5Y-       ? - ?
                  current   1963 -

Kiribati (also Gilbert Islands, West Pacific Isles)
        VP-       PAA - PZZ
                  old       ? - 1979
        T3-       ? - ?
                  current   1979 -

Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea, DPRK, also North Korea)
        P-        ? - ?
                  current   1948 (+) -

Korea (Republic of Korea, RoK, also South Korea)
        HL        1 - 9999
                  no '-' (dash) as separator used
                  current   1948 (+) -

Kuwait
        K-        ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        9K-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1961 -

Kyrgyz Republic (also Kyrgyzstan, Kirghizia, 19.. to 1991 USSR)
        SSSR-     00001 - 99999, (displayed cyrillic as {CCCP})
                  old       12/25/1991 - ?
        EX-       ? - ?
                  current   1991 -

Laos (Lao People's Democratic Republic, LPDR, was Indochina)
        F-        LAAA - LAZZ
                  old       ? - 1955 (+)
        XW-       ? - ?
                  old       1955 (+) - ?
        RDPL-     ?
                  current   1955 (+) -

Latvia (19.. - 1929 ?, 1939 to 1991 USSR)
        B-        LAAA - LZZZ
                  old       1929 - 1939 (?)
        SSSR-     00001 - 99999, (displayed cyrillic as {CCCP})
                  old       12/25/1991 - ?
        YL-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1991 -

Lebanon (Republic)
        LR-       AAA - ZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        OD-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1941 (+) -

Lesotho (was Basutoland)
        VQ-       ZAA - ZZZ
                  old       ? - 1966
        7P-       ? - ?
                  current   1966 -

Liberia
        L-        LAAA - LZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        LI-       AAA - ZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        EL-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Libya (Arabic Republic, 1971 to 1979 UAR ?)
        5A-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1951 -

Liechtenstein (Fiefdom)
        HB-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Lithuania (19.. to 1929 ?, 1939 to 1991 USSR)
        R-        ZAAA - ZZZZ
                  old       1929 - 1939 (?)
        SSSR-     00001 - 99999, (displayed cyrillic as {CCCP})
                  old       12/25/1991 - ?
        RY-       ? - ?
                  old       1991 - ?
        LY-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1991 -

Luxembourg
        UL-       ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        L-        UAAA - UZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        LX-       AAA - ZZZ, N11111 - N99999 (for NATO aircraft)
                  current   ?

Macedonia (The Former Republic of Yugoslavia, TFRYM, 1918 to 199. Yugoslavia)
        Z3-       ? - ?
                  current   199. -

Madagascar (Republic, also Malagasy)
        F-        ???? - ????
                  old       ? - 1960
        5R-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1960 -

Malawi (was Nyasaland)
        VP-       NAA - NZZ
                  old       ? - 1964
        7Q-       ? - ?
                  current   1964 -

Malaysia (was Malaya, 19.. to 09/16/1963 Federation of Malaya)
        VR-       RAA - RZZ
                  old       ? - 1963
        9M-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1963 -
  Borneo (also North Borneo, now part of Malaysia)
        VR-       OAA - OZZ
                  old       ? - 1958 (+)
  Johore (now partially part of Malaysia)
        VR-       JAA - JZZ
                  old       ? - 1963

Maldives (Islands)
        8Q-       ? - ?
                  current   1965 -

Mali (Republic)
        F-        ???? - ????
                  old       ? - 1960
        TZ-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1960 -

Malta
        VP-       MAA - MZZ
                  old       ? - 1964
        9H-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1964 -

Marshall Islands (associated with USA)
        MI-       ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        V7-       ? - ?
                  current   1991 ? -

Martinique (Island)
        F-        OMAA - OMZZ
                  current   ? - 1958 (+)

Mauritania (Republic, also Mauretania)
        F-        ???? - ????
                  old       ? - 1960
        5T-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1960 -

Mauritius
        VQ-       MAA - MZZ
                  old       ? - 1968
        3B-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1968 -

Mexico
        M-        SAAA - SZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        X-        AAAA - BZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        XA-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -
        XB-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -
        XC-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Micronesia (Federated States of Micronesia, associated with USA)
        V6-       ? - ?
                  current   ? -

Moldova (Republic of Moldova, also Moldovia, Moldavia, 19.. to 1991 USSR)
        SSSR-     00001 - 99999, (displayed cyrillic as {CCCP})
                  old       12/25/1991 - ?
        RM-       ? - ?
                  old       12/25/1991 - ?
        ER-       ? - ?
                  current   1991 (+) -

Monaco (Fiefdom)
        CZ-       ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        MC-       ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        3A-       ? - ?
                  current   ? -

Mongolia (People's Republic)
        HMAY-     1 - 9999
                  old       1945 (+) - ?
        MPR-      ? - ?
                  old       1945 (+) - ?
        BNMAU-    ?
                  old       1945 (+) -
        MONGOL-   ?
                  old       1945 (+) -
        MT-       ? - ?
                  current   1945 (+) -

Montserrat (Leeward or Windward Islands)
        VP-       LMA - LUZ
                  current   ? -

Morocco (was French Morocco)
        F-        DAAA - DZZZ
                  old       ? - 1956
        CN-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1956 -

Mozambique (was Portuguese East Africa)
        CR-       AAA - BZZ
                  old       ? - 1975
        C9-       ? - ?
                  current   1975 -

Myanmar (was Birma / Burma)
        XY-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1948 -
        XZ-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1948 -

Namibia (19.. to 03/31/1991 to South Africa)
        V5-       ? - ?
                  current   03/31/1991 -

Nauru
        C2-       ? - ?
                  current   1968 -

Nepal
        9N-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Netherlands (also Holland)
        H-        NAAA - NZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        PH-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Netherlands Antilles (partial autonomy)
        PJ-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

New Zealand
        G-        NZAA - NZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        ZK-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -
        ZL-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -
        ZM-       AAA - ZZZ
                  old       ? - ?

Nicaragua
        A-        NAAA - NZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        AN-       AAA - ZZZ
                  old       ? - 1958 (+)
        YN-       ? - ?
                  current   1958 (+) -

Niger (Republic)
        F-        ???? - ????
                  old       ? - 1960
        5U-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1960 -

Nigeria (was Western Africa)
        VR-       NAA - NZZ
                  old       ? - 1960
        5N-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1960 -

Norway
        N-        ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        LN-       1 - 999, AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Oman
        A4O-      AAA - ZZZ (?)
                  current   1970 -

Pakistan (was Belutshistan)
        AP-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1947 -

Panama
        R-        ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        S-        PAAA - PZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        RX-       ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        HP-       001 - 999 (?)
                  current   ? -

Papua New Guinea (also Niugini)
        VH-       ??? - ???
                  old       ? - 1975
        P2-       AAA- ZZZ
                  current   1975 -

Paraguay
        ZP-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Peru
        O-        PAAA - PZZZ
                  old       ? - 1966
        OA-       AAA[-111] - ZZZ[-999]
                  old       ? - ?
        OB-       AAA-111 - ZZZ-999, [x-]1 - [x-]9999
                  (x = M/R/T/..., depicting usage ?)
                  current   ? -

Philippines (Republic)
        PI-       C[-]1 - C[-]9999
                  old       ? - 1948 (+)
        RP-       C1 - C9999
                  current   1958 (+) -

Poland
        SP-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1918 (+) -
  Danzig (now Gdansk, Free Hanse City, was part of Germany, now part of Poland)
        DZ-       ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        Y-        MAAA - MZZZ
                  old       ? - ?

Portugal
        C-        PAAA - PZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        CS-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -
  Portuguese Overseas Provinces (only Macau left after 1991)
        CR-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? - 1997 (?)
  Macau (back to PRC ?)
        CR-       MAA - MZZ
                  old       ? - 1991
  Timor (also East Timor, Portuguese Protectorate, occupied by Indonesia 1975)
        CR-       TAA - TZZ
                  old       ? - 1975 (?)

Qatar
        A7-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1971 -

Romania (also Rumania)
        C-        RAAA - RZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        CV-       AAA - ZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        YR-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Russia (Russian Federation, 1917 to 1991 USSR)
        SSSR-     00001 - 99999, (displayed cyrillic as {CCCP})
                  old       12/25/1991 - ?
        IS-       00001 - 99999, (displayed cyrillic as {I/IC})
                  not official   1991 -
        RF-       00001 - 99999, (displayed cyrillic as {Pqp})
                  not official   1991 -
        RA-       00001 - 99999
                  current   1991 -

Rwanda
        9XR-      ? - ?
                  current   1962 -

Saint Helena (Island)
        VQ-       HAA - HZZ
                  current   ? -

Saint Kitts and Nevis (also St. Kitts & Nevis, Leeward or Winward Islands)
        VP-       LKA - LLZ
                  old       ? - 1983
        V4-       ? - ?
                  current   1983 -

Saint Lucia (also St. Lucia, Windward Islands)
        VQ-       LAA - LZZ
                  old       ? - 1979
        VR-       LAA - LZZ
                  old       ? - 1979
        J6-       ? - ?
                  current   1979 -

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (also St. Vincent & Grenadines, Windward Is.)
        VP-       VAA - VZZ
                  old       ? - 1979
        J8-       ? - ?
                  current   1979 -

Samoa (also Western Samoa)
        5W-       ? - ?
                  current   1962 -

San Marino (Republic)
        T7-       ? - ?
                  current   ? -

Sao Tome and Principe (Islands)
        CR-       SAA - SZZ
                  old       ? - 07/12/1975
        S9-       ? - ?
                  current   07/12/1975 -

Saudi Arabia (Kingdom, was Hejaz, 1920 to 1932 Nedjd)
        A-        HAAA - HZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        UH-       ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        HZ-       001 - 999, AAA - ZZZ, MS1 - MS999
                  (numeric registrations = military/government ?)
                  current   1920 (?) -

Senegal
        F-        ???? - ????
                  old       ? - 1960
        6V-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1960 -
        6W-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1960 -

Seychelles (Islands)
        VQ-       SAA - SZZ
                  old       ? - 1976
        S7-       ? - ?
                  current   1976 -

Sierra Leone (was Western Africa)
        VR-       LAA - LZZ
                  old       ? - 1961
        9L-       ? - ?
                  current   1961 -

Singapore (09/16/1963 to 09/05/1965 Malaysia)
        VR-       SAA - SZZ
                  old       ? - 1959 (?)
        9V-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1959 (?) -
  Johore (now partially part of Singapore)
        VR-       JAA - JZZ
                  old       ? - 1963

Slovak Republic (also Slovakia, 1918 to 12/31/1992 Czechoslovakia)
        OM-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   01/01/1993 -

Slovenia (1918 to 06/25/1991 Yugoslavia)
        SL-       ? - ?
                  not officia   06/25/1991 - ?
        S5-       ? - ?
                  current   1991 -

Solomon Islands (also British Solomon Islands, West Pacific Isles)
        VP-       PAA - PZZ
                  old       ? - 1978
        H4-       ? - ?
                  current   1978 -

Somalia (Republic, was Somaliland Protectorate)
        VP-       SAA - SZZ
                  old       ? - 1960
        6OS-      ? - ?
                  old       1960 - ?
        6O-       ? - ?
                  current   1960 (+) -

South Africa (Republic)
        G-        UAAA - UZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        ZS-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1961 -
        ZT-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1961 -
        ZU-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1961 -

Spain (also Espania)
        M-        ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        EC-       001 - 999, AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Sri Lanka (was Ceylon)
        VP-       CAA - CZZ
                  old       ? - 1948
        CY-       ? - ?
                  old       1948 - ?
        4R-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Sudan
        FT-       ? - ?
                  old       1956 (+) - (?)
        SN-       ? - ?
                  old       1956 (+) - ?
        ST-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1956 (+) -

Suriname (also Surinam, was Netherlands Guyana)
        PZ-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Swaziland
        VQ-       ZAA - ZZZ
                  old       ? - 1968
        3D-       ? - ?
                  current   1968 -

Sweden
        S-        AAAA - AZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        SE-       001 - 999, AAA - ZZZ, A00 - Z99
                  (digits often used for prototypes)
                  current   ? -

Switzerland (Schweiz)
        CH-       1 - 999
                  old       191. - 1934/36
        HB-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1935/36 -

Syria (02/21/1958 to 10/13/1961 as UAR)
        YK-       ? - ?
                  current   1941 -

Taiwan (Republic of China, RoC, was Formosa)
        B-        1 - 99999
                  current   1949 (+) -

Tajikistan (also Tadjikistan, 19.. to 1991 USSR)
        SSSR-     00001 - 99999, (displayed cyrillic as {CCCP})
                  old       12/25/1991 - ?
        YT-       ? - ?
                  not official       1991 - ?
        EY-       ? - ?
                  current   1991 -

Thailand (was Siam)
        H-        SAAA - SZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        HS-       [TA-]AAA - [TA-]ZZZ, 000 - 999 (Government)
                  current   ? -

Togo
        F-        ???? - ????
                  old       ? - 1960
        5V-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1960 -

Tonga (also Tongo)
        A3-       ? - ?
                  current   ? -

Trinidad and Tobago (also Trinidad & Tobago Islands)
        VP-       TAA - TZZ
                  old       ? - 1962
        9Y-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1962 -

Tunisia
        F-        ???? - ????
                  old       ? - 1956
        TS-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1956 -

Turkey
        TC-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Turkmenistan (19.. to 1991 USSR)
        SSSR-     00001 - 99999, (displayed cyrillic as {CCCP})
                  old       12/25/1991 - ?
        EZ-       ? - ?
                  current   1991 -

Turks and Caicos Islands (also Turks & Caicos Islands)
        VQ-       TAA - TZZ
                  current   ? -

Tuvalu (Ellice Islands)
        T2-       ? - ?
                  current   1978 -

Uganda
        VP-       UAA - UZZ
                  old       ? - 1962
        5X-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1962 -

Ukraine (19.. to 1991 USSR)
        SSSR-     00001 - 99999, (displayed cyrillic as {CCCP})
                  old       12/25/1991 - ?
        UR-       00001 - 99999
                  current   1991 -

United Arab Emirates (UAE)
        A6-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1971 -

United Kingdom (also Great Britain, UK, GB)
        G-        AAAA - ZZZZ, 1-1 - 99-999
                  numbers used for temporary/ferry registrations
                  (and maybe company-owned prototypes)
                  first number aircraft type, second number sequence ?
                  current   ? -
  Falkland Islands (also Malvinas)
        VP-       FAA - FZZ
                  current   ? -
  Gibraltar
        VR-       GAA - GZZ
                  current   ? -

United Nations (UN)
        4U-       ? - ?
                  current   ? -

United Republic of Tanzania (was United Republic of Tanganyika and Zansibar)
        5H-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   04/26/1964 (+) -
  Tanganyika (1961 to 04/26/1964, now part of Tanzania)
        VR-       TAA - TZZ
                  old       ? - 04/26/1964 (+)
  Zansibar (also Sansibar, Island, 1961 (+) to 04/26/1964, now part of Tanzania)
        VP-       ZAA - ZZZ
                  old       ? - 04/26/1964 (+)

United States of America (USA)
        N         [x]1 - [x]99999, [x]1A - [x]9999Z, [x]1AA - [x]999ZZ
                  (letters "I" and "O" are not used, so they can't be confused
                  with the digits "1" and "0"), (x = category = C/L/R/S/X),
                  the '-' (dash) as separator is normally not used, but can be
                  sometimes seen applied before or after the category prefix,
                  which itself was normally displayed up to the mid-1950s,
                  while today only (some) oldtimer (are allowed to) show such
                  a prefix, the categories are: C = Commercial
                                                L = Limited
                                                R = Restricted
                                                S = Standard (?)
                                                X = eXperimental
                  current   ? -

Uruguay (Republic)
        C-        UAAA - UZZZ
                  old       ? - ?
        CX-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   ? -

Uzbekistan (19.. to 1991 USSR)
        SSSR-     00001 - 99999, (displayed cyrillic as {CCCP})
                  old       12/25/1991 - ?
        UK-       ? - ?
                  current   1991 -

Vanuatu (also New Hebrides Islands, West Pacific Isles)
        VP-       PAA - PZZ
                  old       ? - 1980
        YJ-       ? - ?
                  current   1980 -

Vatican City (also The Vatican, Vatican State)
        HV-       ? - ?
                  current   ? -

Venezuela
        YV-       111x[x] - 999x[x], (x = C/P/..., depicting usage ?),
                  [x-]AAA[-1] - [x-]ZZZ[-9], (x = O/P/T/..., depicting usage ?)
                  current   ? -

Vietnam (also Viet Nam, was Indochina)
        F-        VNAA - VNZZ
                  old       ? - 1958 (+)
        3W-       ? - ?
                  old       ? - 1958 (+)
  Vietnam (People's Republic, also North Vietnam, re-united 1976)
        VN-       A001 - Z999 (?)
                  current   1958 (+) -
  Vietnam (also South Vietnam)
        XV-       ? - ?
                  old       1958 (+) - 1976

Yemen (1967 to 05/22/1990 separated)
        YE-       AAA - ZZZ
                  old       ? - 1967
        7O-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   05/22/1990 -
  Yemen (Arab Republic, also North Yemen)
        4W-       AAA - ZZZ
                  old       1967 - 05/22/1990
  Yemen (People's Democratic Republic, Yemen PDR, also South Yemen)
        7O-       AAA - ZZZ
                  old       1967 - 05/22/1990
  Aden (now part of Yemen)
        VR-       AAA - AZZ
                  old       ? - 1958 (+)

Yugoslavia (now only Serbia and Montenegro left)
        UN-       ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        YU-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1918 (+) -
  Serbia (since 1918 part of Yugoslavia)
        X-        SAAA - SZZZ
                  old       ? - ?

Zaire (was Belgian Congo)
        OO-       CAA - CZZ
                  old   ? - 1960
        9Q-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1960 -
        9T-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1960 -

Zambia (was North Rhodesia)
        VP-       RAA - RZZ
                  old       ? - 1964
        9J-       AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1964 -

Zimbabwe (was South Rhodesia, till 1979)
        VP-       WAA - WZZ, YAA - YZZ
                  old       ? - 1979
        Z-        AAA - ZZZ
                  current   1979 -

The following countries ceased to exist and split into several different
countries (or I don't know their current names):

Czechoslovakia (Czech and Slovak (Socialist/Federal) Republic, CSSR/CSFR/CSR)
        L-        BAAA - BZZZ
                  old       1918 - 1928 (+)
        OK-       AAA - ZZZ
                  old       1928 (+) - 12/31/1992

Katanga (now part of Zaire or maybe Zambia ?)
        KA-       ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?

Soviet Union (USSR, also Russia, 1917 - 12/25/1991)
        R-        R1 - R999, RAAA - RZZZ
                  the '-' (dash( as separator was sometimes omitted
                  old       1922 - 1928 (+)
        RR-       1 - 999, AAA - ZZZ
                  the '-' (dash) as separator was sometimes omitted
                  old       1922 - 1928 (+)
        URSS-     [x]1 - [x]9999
                  (x = D/J/M/N/S/..., latin letters, not cyrilic!)
                  old       1927 - 1937 +
        USSR-     ? - ?
                  old       ? - ?
        SSSR-     1 - 999, (displayed cyrillic as {CCCP})
                  old       1929 (?) - 193. (?)
        SSSR-     x[-]1 - x[-]99999, (displayed cyrillic as {CCCP})
                  (x = capital cyrillic letter: A {A} / F {qp} / I {I/I} /
                   K {K} / L {JI} or {n} / M {M} / N {H} / S {C} / Sh {W} /
                   U {Y} / V (or W) {B} / ...)
                  the '-' (dash) as separator was sometimes omitted, or
                  replaced by a space, or displayed behind the initial
                  cyrillic letter (like: {CCCP-N12}, {CCCP N12}, {CCCPN-12})
                  old       1931 (?) - 195. (?)
        SSSR-     00001 - 99999, (displayed cyrillic as {CCCP})
                  old       195. (?) - 12/25/1991

Wei-Hei-Wei (now ?)
        VP-       WAA - WZZ
                  old       ? - ?


Disclaimer: No warranty or claims are made or implied regarding the accuracy or worthiness of the information databases included or linked to via the Landings site. We are doing the best we can to ensure accurate information, however, the actual data may not be accurate, up-to-date, or it may be faulty to begin with (If you find formatting problems, please let us know, but if you find inaccuracies please contact the source). Use these sources at your own risk. The FAA is the primary authority as to the "real" information.

airNEWS
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Ch: Aviation (more->)

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